Every citizen of the United States of America and most of its Territories enjoy the protections afforded to them under the 2nd Amendment. There is a great amount of responsibility that is instilled upon the citizens of the United States to understand and obey federal, state, and local laws in their home state and when traveling. The right to protect your home, family, and yourself under the laws of your state and other states must be fully examined, explained, and understood by the gun owner. There are many complexities between states, gun owners should attend an in-person training session taught by a highly skilled and knowledgeable instructor in the state in which they reside. (See our training calendar for times and locations near you.)

Formal Training

The importance of attending an in-person concealed carry weapons class cannot be emphasized strongly enough. Some states accept online website training, a basic pistol class, a state-endorsed course, and many other options available in between. At the time of this publication, there are 25 states that allow constitutional carry without any formal training. This means your neighbor, the person on the street, or anyone you encounter can be potentially in possession of a concealed firearm. There are absolutely no checks and balances in place to ensure the individual is a safe, responsible, and law-abiding citizen. To ensure your own safety and the safety of loved ones, a formal class is a necessity to understand when you can and cannot use a firearm. (See our training calendar for times and locations near you.)

Concealed Carry Classes Available

NRA Pistol Instructor Training Course

Level 1 Firearms Training LLC offers concealed carry classes at many of our locations. Our concealed carry instructors are highly trained and certified by ourselves and other national organizations. Concealed carry classes focus on your state and others to ensure you receive a well-rounded education. The depth of expertise and subject matter topics is unmatched by any other firearms training class. Because of our years of experience, we have been able to develop a modern-day training curriculum that meets our student’s needs. Our classes are easy to follow, extremely informative, and help build on existing skillsets students possess. (See our training calendar for times and locations near you.)

Conceal Carry Class Curriculum

As mentioned earlier, the requirements for applying for a Concealed Carry Weapons License (CCW) vary greatly between the states; no set standards exist between them. Primarily it is up to Concealed Carry Instructors to determine what is taught in their class. Listed below are the topics we teach at Level 1 Firearms Training LLC which are also the topics your conceal carry instructor should be teaching to ensure you receive a well-rounded education.

Are you Capable of using Deadly Force?

The use of deadly force is not a subject that can be undertaken lightly. The use of deadly force is a serious subject matter that must be considered the moment someone decides to carry a concealed weapon.

Citizens must ask themselves if they are capable of taking another human being’s life. It’s a question that cannot be asked lightheartedly. The taking of another person’s life changes you forever. Right, wrong, justified, or not; it’s a decision you will have to live with your entire life. (See our training calendar for times and locations near you.)

The Four Levels of Mental Awareness

Introduction to the four levels of awareness and how to use them in your daily routine.

There are four levels of awareness that constitute the building blocks in making a risk assessment.

You are always in one of these levels of awareness throughout your day, though you may never have placed a label on these stages. Each block within the four levels of awareness progress increasingly as a certain threshold is met. Moving from relaxed and unaware to alarmed and very aware, the actions you take during these stages could mean the difference between avoiding a confrontation or having to defend yourself.

By adopting a simple lifestyle change, and being conscious of these simple building blocks, your life will be safer and your ability to avoid confrontations will come naturally.

(See our training calendar for times and locations near you.)

Reactions to an Attack


One of the options you may have is to leave the area before an attack occurs or during an opportune time when the attack is taking place. There is no shame in removing yourself from a dangerous situation. At Level 1 Firearms Training LLC we call this a “tactical retreat” that should be utilized whenever it is safe to leave the scene and remove yourself from the situation without getting hurt.

Once you have fled, it is important to remain vigilant. Getting as far away as possible, finding suitable cover, an appropriate hiding place, and contacting the authorities as soon as possible is important. If you have escaped and are armed with a firearm, assess the situation to make an informed decision if you should arm yourself for a better defense position. When on with the authorities, describe what occurred, a complete description of the attacker, where you are located, and be sure to inform them you are armed. Describe yourself, and any family members who may be with you, and ask the authorities how they would like you to do while waiting for their arrival. Whenever possible, always remain on the phone until the authorities arrive and follow their instructions to avoid you becoming an innocent victim. (See our training calendar for times and locations near you.)

Physical Reactions During an Attack


Regardless of how much you train, prepare, and plan to act during an attack or potential threat, there are two common physical reactions that will occur: Adrenaline Rush and the Loss of Fine Motor Skills.

Adrenaline Rush

Adrenaline Rush occurs when your body recognizes a threat and is preparing to defend against an attack. During this process, the body releases high volumes of adrenaline at an accelerated rate for absorption into the bloodstream. As a result, your body will begin to react in the form of increased heart rate, increased respiration, pupil dilatation, and muscles begin to tense up in anticipation of a fight. During an adrenaline rush your muscles tense up and uncontrollable body tremors begin to occur. Everyone has experienced an adrenaline rush at some point in their lives, such as being frightened by a noise, a scary movie scene, or a near brush with a dangerous accident.

Loss of Fine Motor Skills

When undergoing an adrenaline rush, you lose the ability to use your fine motor skills. Fine motor skills are associated with your ability to perform relatively routine common tasks with ease. When manipulating a firearm, little things, such as releasing the safety, pulling the hammer, changing magazines, or even unholstering become cumbersome. When teaching concealed carry handgun classes, it’s important your training team addresses these challenges. Advanced drills coupled with repetition will help reduce the effects of losing your fine motor skills during an attack. (See our training calendar for times and locations near you.)

Perceptional Changes During an Attack

Tunnel Vision

When under an attack, your body tends to focus on the immediate threat, blocking all other views of vision. In medical terms, this is referred to as Peripheral Vision Loss (PVL); a loss of peripheral sight or side vision. In the firearms world, this is referred to as tunnel vision.

Tunnel vision occurs when a person is under extreme duress, such as when being attacked or when using their firearm for defense. The by-product of tunnel vision is the inability to see potential threats that may be located just to the right or left of the threat.

To help diminish the effects of tunnel vision, conceal carry students are taught to scan and assess the surrounding areas of the threat and search for additional ones. Nothing reinforces training techniques such as tunnel vision without attending ongoing firearms training events and classes.

Auditory Exclusion

Auditory exclusion is a condition where sounds around you may become muffled, incoherent, or simply unheard when you are engaged in an attack. Auditory exclusion occurs when a person is only focused on the attacker and not the activities that are occurring around them. Because of this, members of the military, police officers, and even yourself should train to shout commands loud and clear. If police are on the scene shouting commands be sure to repeat them back so both you and the police understand what you were told and your understanding of the commands.

Time Dilation

Time dilation makes time appear to slow down. Seconds are actually minutes, activities appear to be occurring in slow motion, and the passage of time is skewed.

Because of the existence of the time dilation phenomena, it is always best to refrain from recounting events as you perceived them to have occurred. After a life-threatening event or self-defense action has taken place, it takes time for the body and the brain to recap what occurred in what order and the amount of time it took.

It is extremely important that no statements are made until an attorney is present and after the attorney has had an opportunity to review the events. It is not uncommon for the attorney to advise you to take a few days before making a statement, allowing your mind to reassemble events correctly. (See our training calendar for times and locations near you.)

The Emotional Impact of a Defensive Shooting


It is perfectly natural to experience revulsion after taking someone else’s life. Revulsion can present as being nauseous, vomiting, or even loss of conscience after seeing the results of the confrontation.

Not everyone will experience a sense of revulsion. Some people are immune from revulsion simply because of their type of profession. Military, law enforcement, EMTs, doctors, and other first responders may not react the same as you would under the same conditions.


Remorse for having to take another human being’s life, having a sense of sorrow, sadness, and other emotions can occur. It is important to note this feeling of regret or self-imposed guilt will pass over time. Keep in mind it is perfectly natural to have some feeling of remorse after a deadly encounter.


Self-doubt can come into play as you replay the event over and over again in your mind. You begin to think if you acted too quickly if you could have said something to change things, and other “if only” scenarios will plaque you for some time to come. While this is perfectly natural, keep in mind your training guided you correctly during the encounter and you did the right thing.

Be careful about expressing any doubts you may have verbally, to yourself, a family member, and especially the police. At this point after the arrack is over, the necessary calls have been made and your attorney is on his way to meet you. Remember your right to have an attorney present during questioning and speak to no one until you have spoken to your attorney.

What to Expect After a Shooting

Actions Have Concequenses

The use of deadly force is not black or white – nor is it always clear between right and wrong. The line between a just and unjust homicide is extremely thin to determine even under the best of circumstances. Ideally, with proper training, the conceal carry citizen should learn de-escalation techniques. A properly trained individual will use options available to them before ever considering the use of a firearm. They will avoid certain areas of town, times of day to be out in public, controversial clothing, and many other considerations. When at home, the saying “a man’s house is his castle” is not a literal statement in most states. With very few exceptions, shooting on your property or in your home still comes under a lot of scrutinies to determine if the shooting was justified.